Factors connected with condom usage with non-commercial couples among sexually-active transgender ladies in Cambodia: findings from a national review using respondent-driven sample

Factors connected with condom usage with non-commercial couples among sexually-active transgender ladies in Cambodia: findings from a national review using respondent-driven sample

As found in Tables 1, 83.0% associated with members are residing in a metropolitan society. Over two-thirds (78.1percent) comprise never ever hitched and not managing somebody, and 46.0percent had gained at the least several years of formal studies. The percentage of steady condom customers had been notably greater among players living in metropolitan forums and individuals that has reached at least several years of formal education.

Substance incorporate

Dining table 2 indicates that 22.3% on the utter members reported not drinking whichever alcoholic beverages, and 29.0per cent reported alcohol consumption two times or even more per week in the past 3 months. Associated with drinkers, 25.7percent reported drinking five or even more cans of beer or cups of wines on a regular time. Concerning illegal medicine need, 10.3% reported using some sorts of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), 0.8% using other medicines such as heroin/opium or cannabis previously three months, and 10percent making use of drugs before or while having intercourse. The proportion of regular condom users ended up being dramatically larger among participants whom reported making use of alcoholic beverages fourfold or higher each week, utilizing an illicit medication, and utilizing medications before or while having gender previously three months.

HIV danger behaviors

As shown in Tables 3, 85.7per cent reported receptive parts in rectal intercourse with men in past times 90 days. Significantly more than one-third (34.0percent) reported creating anal intercourse with boys in return for cash or presents in past times three months, with 22.5percent having ?2 male industrial couples and 17.6per cent constantly utilizing condoms because of this particular partners previously 3 months. More than two-thirds (letter = 821, 68.4per cent) identified which they had been likely or very likely becoming HIV infected; of whom, 15 (1.8per cent) stated that these were managing HIV, and 73.3per cent (n = 11) of the coping with HIV happened to be on ART. Not even half (42.9percent) reported being tested for HIV in past times six months, and 14.7% creating an STI symptom in the past 3 months. The percentage of steady condom consumers had been considerably greater among players which reported not always making use of condoms with male commercial couples before 90 days, reported being tested for HIV previously half a year, and recognized they are more likely HIV infected.

Use of community-based HIV providers

From the total, 35.2per cent was indeed hit by at least one type HIV solutions provided by community-based NGOs. The most important treatments they’d gotten integrated condom and lubricant distribution (39.4 and 28.2percent, respectively), HIV training (36.5per cent), and general on line HIV solutions (34.9%). The proportion of regular condom users was actually considerably decreased among participants who had previously been reached by community-based HIV services like HIV studies, condom and lubricant distribution, HIV/syphilis evaluating, and various sorts of web service (read desk 4).

Points involving steady condom use


Within this research, 41.5percent of players reported usually using condoms in rectal intercourse with male non-commercial partners prior to now 90 days. The two earlier scientific studies of Cambodian transgender ladies intimate behaviors, which also put RDS approach, reported on condom utilize with industrial and non-commercial couples. Weissman et al. (2016) learned that condom use was about alike around 45per cent with both sorts of partners around previous half a year 16. On the other hand, participants interviewed in Yi et al. (2017) happened to be very likely to consistently make use of condoms with commercial associates in earlier times 3 months (60% vs. 38% with non-commercial) 11. These variations could indicate that some transgender ladies are much better in a position to bargain condom use with commercial associates. There are additionally architectural factors to condom use within sex efforts: some employers may provide, and sometimes even require condoms, and a few cannot meetup Henderson singles. Because these research are executed in various provinces, the situation associated with gender services (venue-based, street-based, etc.) could influence condom usage.

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